Outlining works for me because the jumbled images that come to my mind can be organized where I can see them. They often suggests a story and now I can see if all the elements are in a logical order. Note that my outline is a combination of sentences as well as short phrases. Many people balk at writing outlines. Fear not. You can write a rough draft and create an outline from it. Happy reading, writing and outlining.
A SHOT IN THE ARM – HOW VACCINES WORK
· Ouch! Shots hurt. But they prevent you from getting sick.
· Teach body how to fight germs
2. B cells
· Trillions of B cells
· Each B cell recognizes a bit of something that is NOT part of yourself
· Specificity – germs match up with their B cells
· B cell becomes active – clones itself and makes antibodies
· Antibodies bind germ and destroy them
3. Time frame of infection
· Germs multiply fast – 1 can turn into a million in a few hours
· B cells take about 1-2 weeks to catch up in antibody production
· Height of battle – you start feeling better
4. After the infection
· Body is the same except that it knows how to fight against germ
· Memory B cells – sometimes they live for your entire life
· Basis of vaccination – vaccines contain dead/weakened germs without making you sick
· Armed and ready to fight
· Time frame of second infection – less than a week and you probably won’t even feel sick
5. Edward Jenner
· Cowpox protects against smallpox
· Vaccines – magic bullets
1. Helena Curtis. 1983. Biology (Fourth Edition). Worth Publishers.
2. Bernard D. Davis et. al. 1980. Microbiology (Third Edition). Harper & Row Publishers.
3. Edward Jenner. 1938. Scientific papers: physiology, medicine, surgery and geology. Harvard Classics Vol. 38. P. F. Collier & Son, edited by Charles W. Eliot.
4. Paul deKruif. 1926. Microbe Hunters. Harcourt Brace & Co.
5. Louise E. Robbins. 2001. Louis Pasteur and the Hidden World of Microbes. Oxford University Press.
6. Ivan Roitt et. al. 1985. Immunology. C.V. Mosby Co.